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bear1

[bair] /bɛər/
verb (used with object), bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bearing.
1.
to hold up; support:
to bear the weight of the roof.
2.
to hold or remain firm under (a load):
The roof will not bear the strain of his weight.
3.
to bring forth (young); give birth to:
to bear a child.
4.
to produce by natural growth:
a tree that bears fruit.
5.
to hold up under; be capable of:
His claim doesn't bear close examination.
6.
to press or push against:
The crowd was borne back by the police.
7.
to hold or carry (oneself, one's body, one's head, etc.):
to bear oneself erectly.
8.
to conduct (oneself):
to bear oneself bravely.
9.
to suffer; endure; undergo:
to bear the blame.
10.
to sustain without yielding or suffering injury; tolerate (usually used in negative constructions, unless qualified):
I can't bear your nagging. I can hardly bear to see her suffering so.
11.
to be fit for or worthy of:
It doesn't bear repeating.
12.
to carry; bring:
to bear gifts.
13.
to carry in the mind or heart:
to bear love; to bear malice.
14.
to transmit or spread (gossip, tales, etc.).
15.
to render; afford; give:
to bear witness; to bear testimony.
16.
to lead; guide; take:
They bore him home.
17.
to have and be entitled to:
to bear title.
18.
to exhibit; show:
to bear a resemblance.
19.
to accept or have, as an obligation:
to bear responsibility; to bear the cost.
20.
to stand in (a relation or ratio); have or show correlatively:
the relation that price bears to profit.
21.
to possess, as a quality or characteristic; have in or on:
to bear traces; to bear an inscription.
22.
to have and use; exercise:
to bear authority; to bear sway.
verb (used without object), bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bearing.
23.
to tend in a course or direction; move; go:
to bear west; to bear left at the fork in the road.
24.
to be located or situated:
The lighthouse bears due north.
25.
to bring forth young or fruit:
Next year the tree will bear.
Verb phrases
26.
bear down,
  1. to press or weigh down.
  2. to strive harder; intensify one's efforts:
    We can't hope to finish unless everyone bears down.
  3. Nautical. to approach from windward, as a ship:
    The cutter was bearing down the channel at twelve knots.
27.
bear down on/upon,
  1. to press or weigh down on.
  2. to strive toward.
  3. to approach something rapidly.
  4. Nautical. to approach (another vessel) from windward:
    The sloop bore down on us, narrowly missing our stern.
28.
bear off,
  1. Nautical. to keep (a boat) from touching or rubbing against a dock, another boat, etc.
  2. Nautical. to steer away.
  3. Backgammon. to remove the stones from the board after they are all home.
29.
bear on/upon, to affect, relate to, or have connection with; be relevant to:
This information may bear on the case.
30.
bear out, to substantiate; confirm:
The facts bear me out.
31.
bear up, to endure; face hardship bravely:
It is inspiring to see them bearing up so well.
32.
bear with, to be patient or forbearing with:
Please bear with me until I finish the story.
Idioms
33.
bring to bear, to concentrate on with a specific purpose:
Pressure was brought to bear on those with overdue accounts.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English beren, Old English beran; cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German beran, Dutch baren, Old Frisian, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan, German (ge)bären, Russian berët (he) takes, Albanian bie, Tocharian pär-, Phrygian ab-beret (he) brings, Latin ferre, Old Irish berid (he) carries, Armenian berem, Greek phérein, Sanskrit bhárati, Avestan baraiti; < Indo-European *bher- (see -fer, -phore
Synonyms
1. uphold, sustain. 4. yield. 6. thrust, drive, force. 10. brook, abide, suffer. Bear, stand, endure refer to supporting the burden of something distressing, irksome, or painful. Bear and stand are close synonyms and have a general sense of withstanding: to bear a disappointment well; to stand a loss. Endure implies continued resistance and patience in bearing through a long time: to endure torture.
Usage note
Since the latter part of the 18th century, a distinction has been made between born and borne as past participles of the verb bear1. Borne is the past participle in all senses that do not refer to physical birth: The wheatfields have borne abundantly this year. Judges have always borne a burden of responsibility. Borne is also the participle when the sense is “to bring forth (young)” and the focus is on the mother rather than on the child. In such cases, borne is preceded by a form of have or followed by by: Anna had borne a son the previous year. Two children borne by her earlier were already grown. When the focus is on the offspring or on something brought forth as if by birth, born is the standard spelling, and it occurs only in passive constructions: My friend was born in Ohio. No children have been born at the South Pole. A strange desire was born of the tragic experience. Born is also an adjective meaning “by birth,” “innate,” or “native”: born free; a born troublemaker; Mexican-born.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bore off

bear1

/bɛə/
verb (mainly transitive) bears, bearing, bore, borne
1.
to support or hold up; sustain
2.
to bring or convey: to bear gifts
3.
to take, accept, or assume the responsibility of: to bear an expense
4.
(past participle bornin passive use except when foll by by) to give birth to: to bear children
5.
(also intransitive) to produce by or as if by natural growth: to bear fruit
6.
to tolerate or endure: she couldn't bear him
7.
to admit of; sustain: his story does not bear scrutiny
8.
to hold in the conscious mind or in one's feelings: to bear a grudge, I'll bear that idea in mind
9.
to show or be marked with: he still bears the scars
10.
to transmit or spread: to bear gossip
11.
to render or supply (esp in the phrase bear witness)
12.
to conduct or manage (oneself, the body, etc): she bore her head high
13.
to have, be, or stand in (relation or comparison): his account bears no relation to the facts
14.
(intransitive) to move, be located, or lie in a specified direction: the way bears east
15.
to have by right; be entitled to (esp in the phrase bear title)
16.
bear a hand, to give assistance
17.
bring to bear, to bring into operation or effect: he brought his knowledge to bear on the situation
Word Origin
Old English beran; related to Old Norse bera, Old High German beran to carry, Latin ferre, Greek pherein to bear, Sanskrit bharati he carries

bear2

/bɛə/
noun (pl) bears, bear
1.
any plantigrade mammal of the family Ursidae: order Carnivora (carnivores). Bears are typically massive omnivorous animals with a large head, a long shaggy coat, and strong claws See also black bear, brown bear, polar bear related adjective ursine
2.
any of various bearlike animals, such as the koala and the ant bear
3.
a clumsy, churlish, or ill-mannered person
4.
a teddy bear
5.
(stock exchange)
  1. a speculator who sells in anticipation of falling prices to make a profit on repurchase
  2. (as modifier): a bear market Compare bull1 (sense 5)
verb bears, bearing, beared
6.
(transitive) to lower or attempt to lower the price or prices of (a stock market or a security) by speculative selling
Word Origin
Old English bera; related to Old Norse bjorn, Old High German bero

Bear

/bɛə/
noun the Bear
1.
the English name for Ursa Major, Ursa Minor
2.
an informal name for Russia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bore off

bear

v.

Old English beran "to bear, bring; bring forth, produce; to endure, sustain; to wear" (class IV strong verb; past tense bær, past participle boren), from Proto-Germanic *beranan (cf. Old Saxon beran, Old Frisian bera, Old High German beran, German gebären, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan "to carry, bear, give birth to"), from PIE root *bher- (1) meaning both "give birth" (though only English and German strongly retain this sense, and Russian has beremennaya "pregnant") and "carry a burden, bring" (see infer).

Ball bearings "bear" the friction. Many senses are from notion of "move onward by pressure." Old English past tense bær became Middle English bare; alternative bore began to appear c.1400, but bare remained the literary form till after 1600. Past participle distinction of borne for "carried" and born for "given birth" is from late 18c. To bear (something) in mind is from 1530s.

n.

Old English bera "bear," from Proto-Germanic *beron, literally "the brown (one)" (cf. Old Norse björn, Middle Dutch bere, Dutch beer, Old High German bero, German Bär), from PIE *bher- (3) "bright, brown" (see brown (adj.)).

Greek arktos and Latin ursus retain the PIE root word for "bear" (*rtko; see Arctic), but it is believed to have been ritually replaced in the northern branches because of hunters' taboo on names of wild animals (cf. the Irish equivalent "the good calf," Welsh "honey-pig," Lithuanian "the licker," Russian medved "honey-eater"). Others connect the Germanic word with Latin ferus "wild," as if it meant "the wild animal (par excellence) of the northern woods."

Symbolic of Russia since 1794. Used of uncouth persons since 1570s. Stock market meaning "speculator for a fall" is 1709 shortening of bearskin jobber (from the proverb sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear); i.e. "one who sells stock for future delivery, expecting that meanwhile prices will fall." Paired with bull from c.1720. Bear claw as a type of large pastry is from 1942, originally chiefly western U.S.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for bore off

bear

noun
  1. A capsule containing a narcotic (1960s+ Narcotics)
  2. A difficult school or college course (1960s+ Students)
  3. Anything arduous or very disagreeable; bitch: It's been a bear of a morning •Bear is attested fr 1915 in a similar sense, ''doozie, humdinger'' (1950s+)
  4. bearcat: Stokovich was a bear for records
  5. A large, gruff man
Related Terms

does a bear shit in the woods

[1700s+; sense perhaps influenced by 1930s jazz musicians' use, ''an unhappy state or condition; impoverishment,'' in which it was rhyming slang for ''nowhere'']


Bear

Related Terms

smokey bear


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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bore off in the Bible

a native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34-37). Bears came out of the wood and destroyed the children who mocked the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 2:24). Their habits are referred to in Isa. 59:11; Prov. 28:15; Lam. 3:10. The fury of the female bear when robbed of her young is spoken of (2 Sam. 17:8; Prov. 17:12; Hos. 13:8). In Daniel's vision of the four great monarchies, the Medo-Persian empire is represented by a bear (7:5).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with bore off
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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