borosilicate glass

borosilicate glass

noun
a glass containing 5 percent or more of B 2 O 3 , highly resistant to heat and shock, used especially in making cookware and chemical glassware.

Origin:
1930–35

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World English Dictionary
borosilicate glass
 
n
any of a range of heat- and chemical-resistant glasses, such as Pyrex, prepared by fusing together boron(III) oxide, silicon dioxide, and, usually, a metal oxide

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

borosilicate glass

(trademark), a type of glass and glassware that is resistant to heat, chemicals, and electricity. It is used to make chemical apparatus, industrial equipment, including piping and thermometers, and ovenware. Chemically, Pyrex contains borosilicate and expands only about one-third as much as common glass (silicate) when heated. As a result, it is less apt to break when subjected to rapid temperature changes. It is resistant to many chemicals and is an electrical insulator. Fibres and fabrics made of it possess excellent heat insulation and fire-resistant qualities. It is sometimes referred to by the generic term, borosilicate glass.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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