borrow pit

noun Civil Engineering.
a pit from which construction material, as sand or gravel, is taken for use as fill at another location.

Origin:
1890–95

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
borrow pit
 
n
civil engineering an excavation dug to provide fill to make up ground elsewhere

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  borrow pit
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  an excavation in which material is removed to be fill for another site; also called borrow hole, also written borrow-pit
Example:  The crew created borrow pits to make the railroad embankments.
Etymology:  from borrowing material from one place to fill in another
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Example sentences
Projects may include road realignment, relocating a utility, constructing a material borrow pit or a new debris disposal site.
Excavate to dimensions and elevations established for borrow pit.
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