|Bosnia-Herzegovina or esp (US) Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|a country in SW Europe; a constituent republic of Yugoslavia until 1991; in a state of civil war (1992--95); Serbian and Croatian forces were also involved: mostly barren and mountainous, with forests in the east. Languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian (formerly all regarded together as Serbo-Croatian). Religion: Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, and Roman Catholic. Currency: marka (pegged to the euro). Capital: Sarajevo. Pop: 4 186 000 (2004 est). Area: 51 129 sq km (19 737 sq miles)|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina or esp (US) Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Republic in southeastern Europe on the west Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Croatia to the west and north, Yugoslavia to the east, with a small outlet to the Adriatic Sea to the west. Sarajevo is the country's capital and largest city.
Note: Sarajevo was the site of the assassination in 1914 of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, which sparked World War I.
Note: In the early 1990s, brutal attacks by Serbian militia devastated the region, arousing international condemnation. In 1995, leaders of the rival Balkan states of Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia met in the United States and ended the fighting with a peace accord.