[boo-guhn-vil-ee-uh, -vil-yuh, boh-]
any of several shrubs or vines of the genus Bougainvillea, native to South America, having small flowers with showy, variously colored bracts, and often cultivated in warm regions.

1789; < Neo-Latin, named after L. A. de Bougainville Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bougainvillea or bougainvillaea (ˌbuːɡənˈvɪlɪə)
any tropical woody nyctaginaceous widely cultivated climbing plant of the genus Bougainvillea, having inconspicuous flowers surrounded by showy red or purple bracts
[C19: New Latin, named after Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729--1811), French navigator]
bougainvillaea or bougainvillaea
[C19: New Latin, named after Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729--1811), French navigator]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

type of woody vine, 1866, named for Fr. navigator Louis Bougainville (1729-1811).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The green spiny cactus contrasts with the exotic deep reds and oranges of the
  delicate bougainvillea.
Bougainvillea poured down the hillside, and the hummingbirds were spinning.
Grounds are heavy with bougainvillea and hibiscus, while the lakes host wild
  ducks and swans.
Upon entering a tropical patio, you'll find tiled tables surrounded by palm
  trees and bougainvillea.
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