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bound1

[bound] /baʊnd/
verb
1.
simple past tense and past participle of bind.
adjective
2.
tied; in bonds:
a bound prisoner.
3.
made fast as if by a band or bond:
She is bound to her family.
4.
secured within a cover, as a book.
5.
under a legal or moral obligation:
He is bound by the terms of the contract.
6.
destined; sure; certain:
It is bound to happen.
7.
determined or resolved:
He is bound to go.
8.
Pathology, constipated.
9.
Mathematics. (of a vector) having a specified initial point as well as magnitude and direction.
Compare free (def 32).
10.
held with another element, substance, or material in chemical or physical union.
11.
(of a linguistic form) occurring only in combination with other forms, as most affixes.
Compare free (def 35).
Idioms
12.
bound up in / with,
  1. inseparably connected with.
  2. devoted or attached to:
    She is bound up in her teaching.
Origin
past participle and past tense of bind
Related forms
boundness, noun
Synonyms
5. liable, obligated, obliged, compelled.

bound2

[bound] /baʊnd/
verb (used without object)
1.
to move by leaps; leap; jump; spring:
The colt bounded through the meadow.
2.
to rebound, as a ball; bounce:
The ball bounded against the wall.
noun
3.
a leap onward or upward; jump.
4.
a rebound; bounce.
Origin
1545-55; < Middle French bond a leap, bondir to leap, orig. resound ≪ Vulgar Latin *bombitīre for *bombitāre to buzz, whiz (Latin bomb(us) (see bomb) + -it- intensive suffix + -ā- thematic vowel + -re infinitive suffix)
Related forms
boundingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. See skip1 .

bound3

[bound] /baʊnd/
noun
1.
Usually, bounds. limit or boundary:
the bounds of space and time; within the bounds of his estate; within the bounds of reason.
2.
something that limits, confines, or restrains.
3.
bounds.
  1. territories on or near a boundary.
  2. land within boundary lines.
4.
Mathematics. a number greater than or equal to, or less than or equal to, all the numbers in a given set.
verb (used with object)
5.
to limit by or as if by bounds; keep within limits or confines.
6.
to form the boundary or limit of.
7.
to name or list the boundaries of.
verb (used without object)
8.
to abut.
Idioms
9.
out of bounds,
  1. beyond the official boundaries, prescribed limits, or restricted area:
    The ball bounced out of bounds.
  2. forbidden; prohibited:
    The park is out of bounds to students.
Origin
1175-1225; Middle English bounde < Anglo-French; Old French bone, bonde, variant of bodne < Medieval Latin budina, of uncertain origin; cf. bourn2
Related forms
boundable, adjective
Synonyms
1. border, frontier, confine.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bounds
  • To bring formalities back to copyright would nicely beat the bounds of the cultural commons.
  • The administrators involved can claim initially that it was students who overstepped the bounds.
  • True that our white collar hypocrisy knows little bounds.
  • To operate within the bounds of law another pesky bureaucracy.
  • Corporations are in the business of maximizing shareholder value and whatever they do, within the bounds of the law, is fair play.
  • The military's robot army continues to evolve by leaps and bounds.
  • If revenue isn't growing by leaps and bounds from year to year, then the whole five- to seven-year strategy begins to seem flawed.
  • Some seem pretty reasonable after seeing their stories, while others still strain the bounds of credulity.
  • Materials science actually made great leaps and bounds.
  • His joy knew no bounds, and as soon as he got home, he ordered the servants to set a splendid repast on the table.
British Dictionary definitions for bounds

bounds

/baʊndz/
plural noun
1.
(sometimes sing) a limit; boundary (esp in the phrase know no bounds)
2.
something that restrains or confines, esp the standards of a society: within the bounds of modesty
3.
beat the bounds, See beat (sense 26)
See also out of bounds

bound1

/baʊnd/
verb
1.
the past tense and past participle of bind
adjective
2.
in bonds or chains; tied with or as if with a rope: a bound prisoner
3.
(in combination) restricted; confined: housebound, fogbound
4.
(postpositive, foll by an infinitive) destined; sure; certain: it's bound to happen
5.
(postpositive) , often foll by by. compelled or obliged to act, behave, or think in a particular way, as by duty, circumstance, or convention
6.
(of a book) secured within a cover or binding: to deliver bound books See also half-bound
7.
(US) (postpositive) , foll by on. resolved; determined: bound on winning
8.
(linguistics)
  1. denoting a morpheme, such as the prefix non-, that occurs only as part of another word and not as a separate word in itself Compare free (sense 21)
  2. (in systemic grammar) denoting a clause that has a nonfinite predicator or that is introduced by a binder, and that occurs only together with a freestanding clause Compare freestanding
9.
(logic) (of a variable) occurring within the scope of a quantifier that indicates the degree of generality of the open sentence in which the variable occurs: in (x) (Fxbxy), x is bound and y is free See free (sense 22)
10.
bound up with, closely or inextricably linked with: his irritability is bound up with his work
11.
I'll be bound, I am sure (something) is true

bound2

/baʊnd/
verb
1.
to move forwards or make (one's way) by leaps or jumps
2.
to bounce; spring away from an impact
noun
3.
a jump upwards or forwards
4.
by leaps and bounds, with unexpectedly rapid progess: her condition improved by leaps and bounds
5.
a sudden pronounced sense of excitement: his heart gave a sudden bound when he saw her
6.
a bounce, as of a ball
Word Origin
C16: from Old French bond a leap, from bondir to jump, resound, from Vulgar Latin bombitīre (unattested) to buzz, hum, from Latin bombus booming sound

bound3

/baʊnd/
verb
1.
(transitive) to place restrictions on; limit
2.
when intr, foll by on. to form a boundary of (an area of land or sea, political or administrative region, etc)
noun
3.
(maths)
  1. a number which is greater than all the members of a set of numbers (an upper bound), or less than all its members (a lower bound) See also bounded (sense 1)
  2. more generally, an element of an ordered set that has the same ordering relation to all the members of a given subset
  3. whence, an estimate of the extent of some set
4.
See bounds
Word Origin
C13: from Old French bonde, from Medieval Latin bodina, of Gaulish origin

bound4

/baʊnd/
adjective
1.
  1. (postpositive) , often foll by for. going or intending to go towards; on the way to: a ship bound for Jamaica, homeward bound
  2. (in combination): northbound traffic
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse buinn, past participle of būa to prepare
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bounds

bound

adj.

"fastened," mid-14c., in figurative sense of "compelled," from bounden, past participle of bind (v.). Meaning "under obligation" is from late 15c.; the literal sense "made fast by tying" is the latest recorded (1550s).

"ready to go," c.1200, boun, from Old Norse buinn past participle of bua "to prepare," also "to dwell, to live," from Proto-Germanic *bowan (cf. Old High German buan "to dwell," Old Danish both "dwelling, stall"), from PIE root *bheue- "to be, exist, dwell" (see be). Final -d is presumably through association with bound (adj.1).

n.

"limit," c.1200, from Anglo-Latin bunda, from Old French bonde "limit, boundary, boundary stone" (12c., Modern French borne), variant of bodne, from Medieval Latin bodina, perhaps from Gaulish. Now chiefly in out of bounds, which originally referred to limits imposed on students at schools.

v.

"to form the boundary of," also "to set the boundaries of," late 14c., from bound (n.). Related: Bounded; bounding.

"to leap," 1580s, from French bondir "to rebound, resound, echo," from Old French bondir "to leap, rebound; make a noise, beat (a drum)," 13c., ultimately "to echo back," from Vulgar Latin *bombitire "to buzz, hum" (see bomb (n.)), perhaps on model of Old French tentir, from Vulgar Latin *tinnitire.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with bounds
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for bounds

limits or boundaries of a tract of land as identified by natural landmarks, such as rivers, or by man-made structures, such as roads, or by stakes or other markers. A principal legal type of land description in the United States, metes-and-bounds descriptions are commonly used wherever survey areas are irregular in size and shape. The land boundaries are run out by courses and distances, and monuments, natural or artificial, are fixed at the corners, or angles. A course is the direction of a line, usually with respect to a meridian but sometimes with respect to the magnetic north. Distance is the length of a course measured in some well-known unit, such as feet or chains

Learn more about bounds with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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