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boyar

[boh-yahr, boi-er] /boʊˈyɑr, ˈbɔɪ ər/
noun
1.
Russian History. a member of the old nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great made rank dependent on state service.
2.
a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
Also, boyard
[boh-yahrd, boi-erd] /boʊˈyɑrd, ˈbɔɪ ərd/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin, akin to OCS bolyarinŭ (translating Greek megistán man of high status), Bulgarian bolyár(in); of disputed orig.
Related forms
boyarism, boyardism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for boyardism

boyar

/ˈbəʊjɑː; ˈbɔɪə/
noun
1.
a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
Word Origin
C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for boyardism

boyar

n.

member of a Russian aristocratic class (abolished by Peter the Great), 1590s, from Russian boyarin, perhaps from boji "struggle," or from Slavic root *bol- "great."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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