village, Douglas county, eastern Nebraska, U.S. It is the site of the renowned child-care facility (called Girls and Boys Town from 2000 to 2008) established in 1917 by Father Edward J. Flanagan in Omaha and dedicated to the care of homeless boys. The community, which now covers 900 acres (365 hectares), has a farm, two schools, fire and police departments, Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, a sports complex, and several dozen homes for small groups of children. It became a village in 1936. It is maintained primarily by voluntary contributions and grants, and the children elect their own mayor. Girls were admitted to Boys Town beginning in 1979; the facility's continuous growth led to the renaming of the expanded organization and to the creation of satellite residential centres and other program sites in more than a dozen states. Children attend regular classes and are taught a variety of vocational skills. The National Resource and Training Center provides technical assistance, program development, and evaluation to residential group homes, shelters, school districts, and mental health facilities. Boys Town's combination of discipline, instruction, and affectionate supervision by staff members has proven effective in raising and rehabilitating homeless, neglected, or abused children. The original institution received widespread attention after a motion picture, Boys Town, starring Spencer Tracy and Mickey Rooney, was made in 1938. Inc. 1936. Pop. (2000) 818; (2006 est.) 919.
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