brake shoe

noun
1.
a rigid plate, usually of steel in the shape of an arc of a cylinder, coated on the outside of its curved surface with a friction-producing material and tightened against the inside of a brake drum to produce a braking action.
2.
(on a bicycle) one of two metal blocks holding rubber pads that, when the hand brake is activated, press against the rotating wheel to produce a braking action. Compare caliper ( def 6 ).
Also called shoe.


Origin:
1870–75, Americanism

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
brake shoe
 
n
1.  the curved metal casting to which the brake lining is riveted in a drum brake
2.  the curved metal casting together with the attached brake lining

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
The second feature is a unique cam design that applies the brake shoe.
The brake shoe linings were fluid-soaked with the lining-to-drum friction
  contact surfaces being wet.
All disc brakes are self adjusting and therefore they require no periodic
  readjusting to compensate for brake shoe wear.
Rather, a spinning cast iron puck is forced against an actual brake shoe to
  wear a divot into the surface.
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