the partly ground husk of wheat or other grain, separated from flour meal by sifting.
verb (used with object), branned, branning.
to soak or boil in bran water, as in the tanning of hides.

1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French bran, bren, of uncertain origin

branner, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bran (bræn)
1.  husks of cereal grain separated from the flour by sifting
2.  food prepared from these husks
Related: furfuraceous
[C13: from Old French, probably of Gaulish origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "the husk of wheat, barley, etc., separated from the flour after grinding," from O.Fr. bren "bran, scurf, scales, feces" (12c., Mod.Fr. bran), perhaps connected with Gaulish *brenno- "manure," or with burn. The word also was used 16c. in English for "dandruff flakes."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

bran (brān)
The outer layers of a cereal grain such as wheat, approximately 20 percent of which is indigestible cellulose, used as a source of dietary fiber.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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