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brattice

[brat-is] /ˈbræt ɪs/
noun
1.
a partition or lining, as of planks or cloth, forming an air passage in a mine.
2.
(in medieval architecture) any temporary wooden fortification, especially at the top of a wall.
verb (used with object), bratticed, bratticing.
3.
to provide with a brattice (often followed by up).
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English brutaske, bretage, bretice < Anglo-French bretaske, bretage, Anglo-French, Old French bretesche wooden parapet on a fortress < Medieval Latin (9th century) brittisca, apparently a Latinized form of Old English Bryttisc British (or a new formation in ML), on the presumption that such parapets were introduced from Britain
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for brattice up

brattice

/ˈbrætɪs/
noun
1.
a partition of wood or treated cloth used to control ventilation in a mine
2.
(medieval fortifications) a fixed wooden tower or parapet
verb
3.
(transitive) (mining) to fit with a brattice
Word Origin
C13: from Old French bretesche wooden tower, from Medieval Latin breteschia, probably from Latin Britō a Briton
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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