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breastplate

[brest-pleyt] /ˈbrɛstˌpleɪt/
noun
1.
a piece of plate armor partially or completely covering the front of the torso: used by itself or as part of a cuirass.
2.
the part of the harness that runs across the chest of a saddle horse.
3.
Judaism.
  1. a square, richly embroidered vestment ornamented with 12 precious stones, each inscribed with the name of one of the 12 tribes of Israel, secured to the ephod of the high priest and worn on the chest. Ex. 28:15–28.
  2. a rectangular ornament, typically of silver, suspended by a chain over the front of a scroll of the Torah.
4.
a plate opposite the chuck end of a breast drill against which the operator's chest is placed.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English brestplate. See breast, plate1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for breast-plate

breastplate

/ˈbrɛstˌpleɪt/
noun
1.
a piece of armour covering the chest
2.
the strap of a harness covering a horse's breast
3.
(Judaism) an ornamental silver plate hung on the scrolls of the Torah
4.
(Old Testament) a square vestment ornamented with 12 precious stones, representing the 12 tribes of Israel, worn by the high priest when praying before the holy of holies
5.
(zoology) a nontechnical name for plastron
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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breast-plate in the Bible

(1.) That piece of ancient armour that protected the breast. This word is used figuratively in Eph. 6:14 and Isa. 59:17. (See ARMOUR.) (2.) An ornament covering the breast of the high priest, first mentioned in Ex. 25:7. It was made of embroidered cloth, set with four rows of precious stones, three in each row. On each stone was engraved the name of one of the twelve tribes (Ex. 28:15-29; 39:8-21). It was in size about ten inches square. The two upper corners were fastened to the ephod by blue ribbons. It was not to be "loosed from the ephod" (Ex. 28:28). The lower corners were fastened to the girdle of the priest. As it reminded the priest of his representative character, it was called the memorial (28:29). It was also called the breastplate of judgment (28:15). (See PRIEST.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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8
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