breast-timber

breast timber

noun Building Trades.
wale1 ( def 5 ).
Dictionary.com Unabridged

wale

1 [weyl]
noun
1.
a streak, stripe, or ridge produced on the skin by the stroke of a rod or whip; welt.
2.
the vertical rib in knit goods or a chain of loops running lengthwise in knit fabric (opposed to course ).
3.
the texture or weave of a fabric.
4.
Nautical.
a.
any of certain strakes of thick outside planking on the sides of a wooden ship.
5.
Also called breast timber, ranger, waling. Engineering, Building Trades. a horizontal timber or other support for reinforcing various upright members, as sheet piling or concrete form boards, or for retaining earth at the edge of an excavation.
6.
a ridge on the outside of a horse collar.
verb (used with object), waled, waling.
7.
to mark with wales.
8.
to weave with wales.
9.
Engineering, Building Trades. to reinforce or fasten with a wale or wales.

Origin:
before 1050; (noun) Middle English; Old English walu ridge, rib, wheal; cognate with Old Norse vǫlr, Gothic walus rod, wand; (v.) late Middle English, derivative of the noun

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
wale1 (weɪl)
 
n
1.  the raised mark left on the skin after the stroke of a rod or whip
2.  a.  the weave or texture of a fabric, such as the ribs in corduroy
 b.  Compare course a vertical row of stitches in knitting
3.  nautical
 a.  a ridge of planking along the rail of a ship
 b.  See gunwale
 
vb
4.  to raise a wale or wales on by striking
5.  to weave with a wale
 
[Old English waluweal1; related to Old Norse vala knuckle, Dutch wäle]

wale2 (weɪl)
 
n
1.  a choice
2.  anything chosen as the best
 
adj
3.  choice
 
vb
4.  (tr) to choose
 
[C14: from Old Norse val choice, related to German Wahl]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

wale
O.E. walu "ridge," as of earth or stone, later "ridge made on flesh by a lash" (related to weal (2)); from P.Gmc. *walo (cf. Low Ger. wale "weal," O.Fris. walu "rod," O.N. völr "round piece of wood," Goth. walus "a staff, stick," Du. wortel, Ger. wurzel "root"). The common
notion perhaps is "raised line." Used in reference to the ridges of textile fabric from 1583. Wales "horizontal planks which extend along a ship's sides" is attested from 1295.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

wale (wāl)
n.
A mark raised on the skin, as by a whip; a weal or welt. v. waled, wal·ing, wales
To raise marks on the skin, as by whipping.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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