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brigantine

[brig-uh n-teen, -tahyn] /ˈbrɪg ənˌtin, -ˌtaɪn/
noun, Nautical
1.
a two-masted sailing vessel, square-rigged on the foremast and having a fore-and-aft mainsail with square upper sails.
Origin
1515-1525
1515-25; < Medieval Latin brigantinus or Old Italian brigantino, orig., armed escort ship (see brigand, -ine2); replacing brigandyn < Middle French brigandin
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for brigantine
  • They are not to be confused with a brigantine which has different rigging.
British Dictionary definitions for brigantine

brigantine

/ˈbrɪɡənˌtiːn; -ˌtaɪn/
noun
1.
a two-masted sailing ship, rigged square on the foremast and fore-and-aft with square topsails on the mainmast
Word Origin
C16: from Old Italian brigantino pirate ship, from brigantebrigand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for brigantine
n.

"small two-masted ship," 1520s, from Middle French brigandin (15c.), from Italian brigantino, perhaps "skirmishing vessel, pirate ship," from brigante "skirmisher, pirate, brigand" from brigare "fight" (see brigade).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for brigantine

two-masted sailing ship with square rigging on the foremast and fore-and-aft rigging on the mainmast. The term originated with the two-masted ships, also powered by oars, on which pirates, or sea brigands, terrorized the Mediterranean in the 16th century. In northern European waters the brigantine became purely a sailing ship. Its gaff-rigged mainsail distinguished it from the completely square-rigged brig, though the two terms came to be used interchangeably. For example, brigantines with square topsails above the gaffed mainsail were called true brigantines, whereas those with no square sails at all on the mainmast were called hermaphrodite brigs or brig-schooners.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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