a virago; shrew.

before 1150; Middle English brinston, etc., late Old English brynstān. See burn1, stone

brimstony, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
brimstone (ˈbrɪmˌstəʊn)
1.  an obsolete name for sulphur
2.  a common yellow butterfly, Gonepteryx rhamni, of N temperate regions of the Old World: family Pieridae
3.  archaic a scolding nagging woman; virago
[Old English brynstān; related to Old Norse brennistein; see burn1, stone]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. brynstan, from brin- stem of brinnen "to burn" + stan "stone." Formerly "sulphur," now restricted to biblical usage. The O.N. cognate brennusteinn meant "amber," as does Ger. Bernstein.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Brimstone definition

an inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. The cities of the plain were destroyed by a rain of fire and brimstone (Gen. 19:24, 25). In Isa. 34:9 allusion is made to the destruction of these cities. This word figuratively denotes destruction or punishment (Job 18:15; Isa. 30:33; 34:9; Ps. 11:6; Ezek. 38:22). It is used to express the idea of excruciating torment in Rev. 14:10; 19:20; 20:10.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
After these tortures, he was put into the screw or press, and boiling pitch and
  brimstone were poured into his mouth.
The bounty upon gunpowder exported, a drawback duties of the duties upon
  brimstone and saltpetre imported.
Maybe because there are too many of them who feel they must match tactics with
  those invoking hellfire and brimstone.
In truth, the spate of bad press had the distinct odor of brimstone.
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