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mining city, west-central New South Wales, Australia. It lies on the eastern flank of the Main Barrier Range, 30 miles (50 km) east of the South Australian border. Known as the Silver City, it is situated on one of the world's richest deposits of silver, lead, and zinc ores. The site, in a hot and subarid region, was first visited in 1844 by Charles Sturt, who named the humpbacked range Broken Hill. The settlement was founded after the discovery of lead and silver there in 1883. Mining operations were developed by the Broken Hill Proprietary Company, Ltd. (BHP), formed in 1885 (the company is now Australia's largest industrial enterprise, although it withdrew from Broken Hill in 1939). Declared a municipality in 1888, Broken Hill was made a city in 1907. The Barrier Industrial Council, an amalgamation of labour unions formed in 1925, exerts considerable control over the city's civic affairs.