the condition or quality of being a brother or brothers.
the quality of being brotherly; fellowship.
a fraternal or trade organization.
all those engaged in a particular trade or profession or sharing a common interest or quality.
the belief that all people should act with warmth and equality toward one another, regardless of differences in race, creed, nationality, etc.

1250–1300; Middle English brithirhod (see brother, -hood); replacing early Middle English brotherhede; see -head Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
brotherhood (ˈbrʌðəˌhʊd)
1.  the state of being related as a brother or brothers
2.  an association or fellowship, such as a trade union
3.  all persons engaged in a particular profession, trade, etc
4.  the belief, feeling, or hope that all people should regard and treat one another as equals

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

equivalent of O.E. broþerrede "fellowship, brotherhood," with ending as in kindred; in early M.E. the word was brotherhede with ending as in maidenhead. The modern word, with -hood, is from 15c. Originally
"relationship of a brother," also "friendly companionship." Concrete sense of "an association, a fraternity" is from mid-14c. in the ME word (later also "labor union," 1880s). O.E. also had broðorscipe "brothership."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Gradually, he sought safety in the brotherhood of gangsters.
We can achieve a brotherhood onstage with musicians from all over the world.
They are a brotherhood standing up for one and other when need be.
He is by no means a second-in-command figure for the brotherhood.
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