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bruise

[brooz] /bruz/
verb (used with object), bruised, bruising.
1.
to injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin:
The blow bruised his arm. Her pinching bruised the peaches.
2.
to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark:
to bruise a person's feelings.
3.
to crush (drugs or food) by beating or pounding.
4.
Metalworking. to injure the surface of (an ingot or finished object) by collision.
verb (used without object), bruised, bruising.
5.
to develop or bear a discolored spot on the skin as the result of a blow, fall, etc.
6.
to become injured slightly:
His feelings bruise easily.
noun
7.
an injury due to bruising; contusion.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English bro(o)sen, bres(s)en, bris(s)en, bruisen, representing Old English brȳsan, brēsan and Anglo-French bruser, Old French bruisier, akin to briser to break; see brisance
Related forms
unbruised, adjective
Can be confused
brews, bruise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bruises
  • At the police station, they photographed his body for signs of scratches or bruises.
  • Prior to that he had sustained stab wounds, bites and often came home with bruises.
  • But, they will not retire comfortably with all of the bumps and bruises they will have when they retire.
  • If so, these bruises ought to be visible today in the cosmic microwave background.
  • After his release, he moped around for days, his bruises slowly changing from deep blue to shallow yellow.
  • The few who have been released have come out with broken bones and bruises from beatings.
  • On a wall piece behind the bridge side-by-side lengths of the same material bear hammer bruises and a scattering of bent nails.
  • bruises will sometimes have a specific configuration.
  • bruises were categorized as inflicted, accidental or unknown based on the participant's response.
  • She testified that the bruises at this time were about one inch wide and dark and lasted about three weeks.
British Dictionary definitions for bruises

bruise

/bruːz/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(also intransitive) to injure (tissues) without breaking the skin, usually with discoloration, or (of tissues) to be injured in this way
2.
to offend or injure (someone's feelings) by an insult, unkindness, etc
3.
to damage the surface of (something), as by a blow
4.
to crush (food, etc) by pounding or pressing
noun
5.
a bodily injury without a break in the skin, usually with discoloration; contusion
Word Origin
Old English brӯsan, of Celtic origin; compare Irish brūigim I bruise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bruises

bruise

v.

Old English brysan "to crush, bruise, pound," from Proto-Germanic *brusjanan, from PIE root *bhreus- "to smash, crush" (cf. Old Irish bronnaim "I wrong, I hurt;" Breton brezel "war," Vulgar Latin brisare "to break"). Merged by 17c. with Anglo-French bruiser "to break, smash," from Old French bruisier "to break, shatter," perhaps from Gaulish *brus-, from the same PIE root. Related: Bruised; bruising.

n.

1540s, from bruise (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bruises in Medicine

bruise (brōōz)
n.
An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is unbroken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations; a contusion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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9
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