brute

1 [broot]
noun
1.
a nonhuman creature; beast.
2.
a brutal, insensitive, or crude person.
3.
the animal qualities, desires, etc., of humankind: Father felt that rough games brought out the brute in us.
adjective
4.
animal; not human.
5.
not characterized by intelligence or reason; irrational.
6.
characteristic of animals; of brutal character or quality.
7.
savage; cruel: brute force.
8.
carnal; sensual.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin brūtus heavy, devoid of feeling, irrational

brutelike, adjective
brutely, adverb
bruteness, noun


1. See animal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

brute

2 [broot]
verb (used with object), bruted, bruting.
to shape (a diamond) by rubbing with another diamond or a diamond chip.

Origin:
back formation from bruting a rough hewing (of a diamond), partial translation of French brutage literally, a roughing, equivalent to brut rough, raw (see brute1) + -age -age

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
brute (bruːt)
 
n
1.  a.  any animal except man; beast; lower animal
 b.  (as modifier): brute nature
2.  a brutal person
 
adj
3.  wholly instinctive or physical (esp in the phrases brute strength, brute force)
4.  without reason or intelligence
5.  coarse and grossly sensual
 
[C15: from Latin brūtus heavy, irrational; related to gravis heavy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

brute
early 15c., "of or belonging to animals," from M.Fr. brut "coarse, brutal, raw, crude," from L. brutus "heavy, dull, stupid," an Oscan word, from PIE base *gwer- "heavy" (see grave (adj.)). Before reaching English the meaning expanded to "of the lower animals." Used of human
beings from 1530s. The noun is from 1610s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Research suggests the so-called brutes fashioned tools, buried their dead,
  maybe cared for the sick and even conversed.
It needs the kind of brutes that forge new nations with vision, blood, steel
  and sweat.
He stops then and fixes us with gold-flecked wolf eyes, as if to divine what
  these peculiar brutes are doing in wolf country.
Among the brutes, the weaker are driven to the wall, the diseased fall out in
  the race of life.
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