|—vb (foll by on |
|1.||to make, construct, or form by joining parts or materials: to build a house|
|2.||(intr) to be a builder by profession|
|3.||(tr) to order the building of: the government builds most of our hospitals|
|4.||to base; found: his theory was not built on facts|
|5.||(tr) to establish and develop: it took ten years to build a business|
|6.||(tr) to make in a particular way or for a particular purpose: the car was not built for speed|
|7.||to increase in intensity: the wind was building|
|a. to add cards to each other to form (a sequence or set)|
|b. (intr) to add to the layout of cards on the table from one's hand|
|9.||physical form, figure, or proportions: a man with an athletic build|
|[Old English byldan; related to bylda farmer, bold building, Old Norse bōl farm, dwelling; see |
human body shape and physique type. The term somatotype is used in the system of classification of human physical types developed by U.S. psychologist W.H. Sheldon. In Sheldon's system, human beings can be classified as to body build in terms of three extreme body types: endomorphic, or round, fat type; mesomorphic, or muscular type; and ectomorphic, or slim, linear type. A somatotype number of three digits is determined for an individual classified by the system, with the first digit referring to endomorphy, the second to mesomorphy, and the third to ectomorphy; each digit is on a scale of one to seven. Hence the extreme endomorph has the somatotype 711, the extreme mesomorph 171, and the extreme ectomorph 117. The classification numbers are negatively correlated, so that a high number in one class precludes high numbers in the others; in practice, extreme types (711, 171, 117) are rare or nonexistent, and the person of normal build has a somatotype approaching 444, evenly balanced between extremes. See also ectomorph; endomorph; mesomorph.
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