bump against

bump

[buhmp]
verb (used with object)
1.
to come more or less violently in contact with; collide with; strike: His car bumped a truck.
2.
to cause to strike or collide: He bumped the car against a tree.
3.
to dislodge or displace by the force of collision.
4.
Informal. to dislodge; to appropriate the privileges of: When the general found there were no additional seats on the plane, he bumped a major. The airline bumped me from the flight.
5.
to demote, promote, or dismiss: He was bumped from his job.
6.
Informal. to force upward; raise: Demand from abroad bumped the price of corn.
7.
Poker. raise ( def 24 ).
verb (used without object)
8.
to come in contact or collide with (often followed by against or into ): She bumped into me.
9.
to bounce along; proceed in a series of jolts: The old car bumped down the road.
10.
to dance by thrusting the pelvis forward abruptly, in a provocative manner, especially to the accompaniment of an accented musical beat. Compare grind ( def 13 ).
11.
to boil with violent jolts caused by the sudden eruption of large bubbles through the surface.
noun
12.
an act or instance of bumping; collision; blow.
13.
the shock of a blow or collision.
14.
a swelling or contusion from a blow.
15.
a small area raised above the level of the surrounding surface; protuberance: He tripped over a bump on a road.
16.
Informal. a promotion or demotion; transfer to a higher or lower level: He got a bump to vice president of the company.
17.
Informal. an increase in amount, especially of salary or a wager: He asked the boss for a ten-dollar bump.
18.
Aeronautics. a rapidly rising current of air that gives an airplane a severe upward thrust.
19.
a dance movement in which the pelvis is abruptly thrust forward in a provocative manner, especially to the accompaniment of an accented musical beat. Compare grind ( def 19 ).
20.
Mining. crump ( def 6 ).
Verb phrases
21.
bump into, Informal. to meet by chance: I bumped into an old friend yesterday.
22.
bump off, Slang. to kill, especially to murder: They bumped him off because he knew too much.

Origin:
1560–70; imitative

bumpingly, adverb
unbumped, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
bump (bʌmp)
 
vb (when intr, usually foll by against or into) (often foll by along)
1.  to knock or strike with a jolt
2.  to travel or proceed in jerks and jolts
3.  (tr) to hurt by knocking: he bumped his head on the ceiling
4.  (tr) to knock out of place; dislodge: the crash bumped him from his chair
5.  (Brit) (tr) to throw (a child) into the air, one other child holding each limb, and let him down again to touch the ground
6.  (in rowing races, esp at Oxford and Cambridge) to catch up with and touch (another boat that started a fixed distance ahead)
7.  cricket to bowl (a ball) so that it bounces high on pitching or (of a ball) to bounce high when bowled
8.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) (intr) to dance erotically by thrusting the pelvis forward (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
9.  (tr) poker to raise (someone)
10.  informal (tr) to exclude a ticket-holding passenger from a flight as a result of overbooking
11.  informal (tr) to displace (someone or something) from a previously allocated position: the story was bumped from the front page
12.  slang (US) bump uglies to have sexual intercourse
 
n
13.  an impact; knock; jolt; collision
14.  a dull thud or other noise from an impact or collision
15.  the shock of a blow or collision
16.  a lump on the body caused by a blow
17.  a protuberance, as on a road surface
18.  any of the natural protuberances of the human skull, said by phrenologists to indicate underlying faculties and character
19.  a rising current of air that gives an aircraft a severe upward jolt
20.  (plural) the act of bumping a child. See sense 5
21.  rowing See bumping race the act of bumping
22.  cricket bump ball a ball that bounces into the air after being hit directly into the ground by the batsman
 
[C16: probably of imitative origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bump
1610s, verb and noun, perhaps from Scandinavian, probably echoic, original sense was "hitting" then of "swelling from being hit." Also has a long association with obsolete bum "to make a booming noise," which perhaps influenced surviving senses like bumper crop, for something full to the brim. To bump
into "meet" is from 1880s; to bump off "kill" is 1908 in underworld slang.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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