Bumpers

bumper

1 [buhm-per]
noun
1.
a person or thing that bumps.
2.
a metal guard, usually horizontal, for protecting the front or rear of an automobile, truck, etc.
3.
any protective rim, guard, pad, or disk for absorbing shock and preventing damage from bumping, as a rubber-tipped doorstop or an old tire on the side of a boat.
4.
a cup or glass filled to the brim, as with beer.
5.
Informal. something unusually large.
6.
a person who molds bricks by hand.
7.
Foundry. a machine for ramming sand into a mold.
8.
a carangid fish, Chlorosombrus chrysurus, of southern U.S. and Cuban coastal seas.
9.
Television Slang. a brief announcement about a news story to be covered later in the programming.
adjective
10.
unusually abundant: Bumper crops reaped a big profit for local farmers.
verb (used with object)
11.
to fill to the brim.

Origin:
1750–60; bump + -er1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

bumper

2 [buhm-per]
noun Australian Slang.
the unconsumed end of a cigarette; cigarette butt.

Origin:
1915–20; expressive coinage, perhaps blend of butt1 and stump + -er1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bumper1 (ˈbʌmpə)
 
n
1.  a horizontal metal bar attached to the front or rear end of a car, lorry, etc, to protect against damage from impact
2.  a person or machine that bumps
3.  cricket a ball bowled so that it bounces high on pitching; bouncer

bumper2 (ˈbʌmpə)
 
n
1.  a glass, tankard, etc, filled to the brim, esp as a toast
2.  an unusually large or fine example of something
 
adj
3.  unusually large, fine, or abundant: a bumper crop
 
vb
4.  (tr) to toast with a bumper
5.  (tr) to fill to the brim
6.  (intr) to drink bumpers
 
[C17 (in the sense: a brimming glass): probably from bump (obsolete vb) to bulge; see bump]

bumper3 (ˈbʌmpə)
 
n
old-fashioned, informal (Austral) a cigarette end
 
[C19: perhaps from a blend of butt1 and stump]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bumper
1670s, "glass filled to the brim;" perhaps from notion of bumping as "large," or from a related sense of "booming" (see bump). Meaning "anything unusually large" is from 1759, slang. Meaning "buffer of a car" is from 1839, Amer.Eng., originally in reference to railway cars; 1926 of automobiles.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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