bur den

burden

1 [bur-dn]
noun
1.
that which is carried; load: a horse's burden of rider and pack.
2.
that which is borne with difficulty; obligation; onus: the burden of leadership.
3.
Nautical.
a.
the weight of a ship's cargo.
b.
the carrying capacity of a ship.
4.
Mining. overburden ( def 3 ).
5.
Metallurgy. the minerals charged into a blast furnace or steelmaking furnace.
6.
Accounting. overhead ( def 6 ).
verb (used with object)
7.
to load heavily.
8.
to load oppressively; trouble.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English, variant of burthen, Old English byrthen; akin to German Bürde, Gothic baurthei; see bear1

burdener, noun
burdenless, adjective


1. See load. 2. weight, encumbrance, impediment. 8. weigh down, saddle, try, afflict, perturb, plague, grieve, vex.
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burden

2 [bur-dn]
noun
1.
the main point, message, or idea.
2.
Music. the refrain or recurring chorus of a song.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English bordoun, burdoun < Old French bourdon droning sound, instrument making such a sound


1. substance, core, crux, nucleus, essence.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
burden1 (ˈbɜːdən)
 
n
1.  something that is carried; load
2.  something that is exacting, oppressive, or difficult to bear: the burden of responsibility Related: onerous
3.  nautical
 a.  the cargo capacity of a ship
 b.  the weight of a ship's cargo
 
vb
4.  (sometimes foll by up) to put or impose a burden on; load
5.  to weigh down; oppress: the old woman was burdened with cares
 
Related: onerous
 
[Old English byrthen; related to beran to bear1, Old Frisian berthene burden, Old High German burdin]

burden2 (ˈbɜːdən)
 
n
1.  a line of words recurring at the end of each verse of a ballad or similar song; chorus or refrain
2.  the principal or recurrent theme of a speech, book, etc
3.  another word for bourdon
 
[C16: from Old French bourdon bass horn, droning sound, of imitative origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

burden
O.E. byrðen "a load, weight, charge, duty;" also "a child;" from P.Gmc. *burthinjo "that which is borne" (cf. O.N. byrðr, O.S. burthinnia, Ger. bürde, Goth. baurþei), from PIE *bher- (1) "carry, give birth." The shift from -th- to -d- took place beginning 12c. (cf.
murder). Archaic burthen is occasionally retained for the specific sense of "capacity of a ship." Burden of proof is recorded from 1590s.

burden
"leading idea," 1640s, from earlier sense "refrain or chorus of a song," 1590s, originally "bass accompaniment to music" (late 14c.), from O.Fr. bordon "bumble-bee, drone," or directly from M.L. burdonom "drone, drone bass" (cf. Fr. bourdon, Sp. bordon, Port. bordão, It. bordone), of echoic origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Burden definition


(1.) A load of any kind (Ex. 23:5). (2.) A severe task (Ex. 2:11). (3.) A difficult duty, requiring effort (Ex. 18:22). (4.) A prophecy of a calamitous or disastrous nature (Isa. 13:1; 17:1; Hab. 1:1, etc.).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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