burdened

[bur-dnd]

Origin:
burden1 + -ed2

Dictionary.com Unabridged

burden

1 [bur-dn]
noun
1.
that which is carried; load: a horse's burden of rider and pack.
2.
that which is borne with difficulty; obligation; onus: the burden of leadership.
3.
Nautical.
a.
the weight of a ship's cargo.
b.
the carrying capacity of a ship.
4.
Mining. overburden ( def 3 ).
5.
Metallurgy. the minerals charged into a blast furnace or steelmaking furnace.
6.
Accounting. overhead ( def 6 ).
verb (used with object)
7.
to load heavily.
8.
to load oppressively; trouble.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English, variant of burthen, Old English byrthen; akin to German Bürde, Gothic baurthei; see bear1

burdener, noun
burdenless, adjective


1. See load. 2. weight, encumbrance, impediment. 8. weigh down, saddle, try, afflict, perturb, plague, grieve, vex.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To burdened
Collins
World English Dictionary
burden1 (ˈbɜːdən)
 
n
1.  something that is carried; load
2.  something that is exacting, oppressive, or difficult to bear: the burden of responsibility Related: onerous
3.  nautical
 a.  the cargo capacity of a ship
 b.  the weight of a ship's cargo
 
vb
4.  (sometimes foll by up) to put or impose a burden on; load
5.  to weigh down; oppress: the old woman was burdened with cares
 
Related: onerous
 
[Old English byrthen; related to beran to bear1, Old Frisian berthene burden, Old High German burdin]

burden2 (ˈbɜːdən)
 
n
1.  a line of words recurring at the end of each verse of a ballad or similar song; chorus or refrain
2.  the principal or recurrent theme of a speech, book, etc
3.  another word for bourdon
 
[C16: from Old French bourdon bass horn, droning sound, of imitative origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

burden
O.E. byrðen "a load, weight, charge, duty;" also "a child;" from P.Gmc. *burthinjo "that which is borne" (cf. O.N. byrðr, O.S. burthinnia, Ger. bürde, Goth. baurþei), from PIE *bher- (1) "carry, give birth." The shift from -th- to -d- took place beginning 12c. (cf.
murder). Archaic burthen is occasionally retained for the specific sense of "capacity of a ship." Burden of proof is recorded from 1590s.

burden
"leading idea," 1640s, from earlier sense "refrain or chorus of a song," 1590s, originally "bass accompaniment to music" (late 14c.), from O.Fr. bordon "bumble-bee, drone," or directly from M.L. burdonom "drone, drone bass" (cf. Fr. bourdon, Sp. bordon, Port. bordão, It. bordone), of echoic origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Easton
Bible Dictionary

Burden definition


(1.) A load of any kind (Ex. 23:5). (2.) A severe task (Ex. 2:11). (3.) A difficult duty, requiring effort (Ex. 18:22). (4.) A prophecy of a calamitous or disastrous nature (Isa. 13:1; 17:1; Hab. 1:1, etc.).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
Cite This Source
Example sentences
White was burdened with unveiling a whole new realm.
The global icon is not simply burdened with high expectations.
But over a century of fire suppression efforts have tragically burdened those
  ecosystems with extra fuel.
They are not burdened or graced, depending on your viewpoint, with the power of
  choice.
Related Searches
Synonyms
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature