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burgeon

[bur-juh n] /ˈbɜr dʒən/
verb (used without object)
1.
to grow or develop quickly; flourish:
The town burgeoned into a city. He burgeoned into a fine actor.
2.
to begin to grow, as a bud; put forth buds, shoots, etc., as a plant (often followed by out, forth).
verb (used with object)
3.
to put forth, as buds.
noun
4.
a bud; sprout.
Also, bourgeon.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; (noun) Middle English burjon, burion; shoot, bud < Anglo-French burjun, burg(e)on; Old French burjon < Vulgar Latin *burriōne(m), accusative of *burriō, derivative of Late Latin burra wool, fluff (compare bourrée, bureau), presumably from the down covering certain buds; (v.) Middle English burg(e)onen, borgen < Anglo-French, Old French, derivative of the noun
Synonyms
1. bloom, blossom, mushroom, expand.
Usage note
The two senses of burgeon, “to bud” (The maples are burgeoning) and “to grow or flourish” (The suburbs around the city have been burgeoning under the impact of commercial growth), date from the 14th century. Today the sense “to grow or flourish” is the more common. Occasionally, objections are raised to the use of this sense, perhaps because of its popularity in journalistic writing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for burgeon
  • Private colleges burgeon as public universities languish from lack of resources.
  • Better yet, new forms of worthwhile and sustainable enterprise burgeon now and foreseeably.
  • Expect the black market to burgeon again.
  • As nascent cultures burgeon, others inexorably come close to an end.
  • As they wilt the bases of the flowers bulge at the stems and quickly burgeon into squash.
  • Conflict allows neglected diseases to burgeon in many ways.
  • Even the smallest backyard woods can burgeon with space for wildlife when you plan for the third dimension.
  • In the last years of the nineteenth century, an existing industry began to burgeon throughout the state.
British Dictionary definitions for burgeon

burgeon

/ˈbɜːdʒən/
verb
1.
often foll by forth or out. (of a plant) to sprout (buds)
2.
(intransitive; often foll by forth or out) to develop or grow rapidly; flourish
noun
3.
a bud of a plant
Word Origin
C13: from Old French burjon, perhaps ultimately from Late Latin burra shaggy cloth; from the downiness of certain buds
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for burgeon
v.

early 14c., "grow, sprout, blossom," from Anglo-French burjuner, Old French borjoner "to bud, sprout," from borjon "a bud, shoot, pimple" (Modern French bourgeon), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Vulgar Latin *burrionem (nominative *burrio), from Late Latin burra "flock of wool," itself of uncertain origin. Some sources (Kitchin, Gamillscheg) say either the French word or the Vulgar Latin one is from Germanic. The English verb is perhaps instead a native development from burjoin (n.) "a bud" (c.1300), from Old French. Related: Burgeoned; burgeoning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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