an inhabitant of a town, especially a member of the middle class; citizen.

1560–70; < Middle Dutch < Middle High German burger, equivalent to burg borough + -er -er1

burghership, noun

burger, burgher.
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World English Dictionary
burgher (ˈbɜːɡə)
1.  a member of the trading or mercantile class of a medieval city
2.  a respectable citizen; bourgeois
3.  archaic a citizen or inhabitant of a corporate town, esp on the Continent
4.  (South African) history
 a.  a citizen of the Cape Colony or of one of the Transvaal and Free State republics
 b.  (as modifier): burgher troops
[C16: from German Bürger, or Dutch burger freeman of a borough]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1560s, "freeman of a burgh," from M.Du. burgher, from M.H.G. burger, from O.H.G. burgari "inhabitant of a fortress," from burg "fortress, citadel" (see borough).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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