city, southwestern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies just north of the Tapti River. Founded in AD 1399 by Nasir Khan, the first independent prince of the Faruqi dynasty of Khandesh, it was annexed by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1601. The city, with its wall and massive gates, served as the Deccan headquarters of the Mughals until Aurangzeb moved the capital to Aurangabad in 1636. Burhanpur was for many years the scene of Maratha-Mughal conflicts and was seized in 1803 by Major General Arthur Wellesley, later 1st Duke of Wellington. It was restored to the Sindhias in 1805 and ceded to the British in 1861.
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