burin

burin

[byoor-in, bur-]
noun
1.
a tempered steel rod, with a lozenge-shaped point and a rounded handle, used for engraving furrows in metal.
2.
a similar tool used by marble workers.
3.
a prehistoric pointed or chisellike flint tool.

Origin:
1655–65; < French < Italian burino (now bulino) graving tool, equivalent to bur- (perhaps < Germanic; see bore1) + -ino -ine2

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
burin (ˈbjʊərɪn)
 
n
1.  a chisel of tempered steel with a sharp lozenge-shaped point, used for engraving furrows in metal, wood, or marble
2.  an engraver's individual style
3.  archaeol a prehistoric flint tool with a very small transverse edge
 
[C17: from French, perhaps from Italian burino, of Germanic origin: compare Old High German boro auger; see bore1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

burin
engraver's tool, 1660s, from Fr. burin, cognate with It. bolino, Sp. buril, perhaps from O.H.G. bora "tool for boring" (see bore (v.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

burin

engraving tool with a metal shaft that is cut or ground diagonally downward to form a diamond-shaped point at the tip. The angle of the point of a particular tool affects the width and depth of the engraved lines. The shaft of the tool is fixed in a flat handle that can be held close to the working surface; it has a wide rounded end for bracing against the palm of the hand. The point is guided by thumb and forefinger.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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