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burnish

[bur-nish] /ˈbɜr nɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to polish (a surface) by friction.
2.
to make smooth and bright.
3.
Engraving. to flatten and enlarge the dots of (a halftone) by rubbing with a tool.
noun
4.
gloss; brightness; luster:
the burnish of brass andirons.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English burnissh < Anglo-French burniss-, Middle French bruniss- (long stem of burnir, brunir to darken, polish), equivalent to brun- brown + -iss- -ish2
Related forms
burnishable, adjective
burnishment, noun
unburnished, adjective
Synonyms
1. buff, shine.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for burnishable

burnish

/ˈbɜːnɪʃ/
verb
1.
to make or become shiny or smooth by friction; polish
noun
2.
a shiny finish; lustre
Derived Forms
burnishable, adjective
burnisher, noun
Word Origin
C14 burnischen, from Old French brunir to make brown, from brunbrown
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for burnishable
burnish
early 14c., from O.Fr. burniss- prp. stem of burnir, metathesis of brunir "to make brown/bright, polish," from brun "brown, polished," from a Germanic source (cf. O.H.G. brun, O.N. brunn "bright, polished, brown;" see brown).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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