bury the hatchet

bury

[ber-ee]
verb (used with object), buried, burying.
1.
to put in the ground and cover with earth: The pirates buried the chest on the island.
2.
to put (a corpse) in the ground or a vault, or into the sea, often with ceremony: They buried the sailor with full military honors.
3.
to plunge in deeply; cause to sink in: to bury an arrow in a target.
4.
to cover in order to conceal from sight: She buried the card in the deck.
5.
to immerse (oneself): He buried himself in his work.
6.
to put out of one's mind: to bury an insult.
7.
to consign to obscurity; cause to appear insignificant by assigning to an unimportant location, position, etc.: Her name was buried in small print at the end of the book.
noun, plural buries.
8.
Nautical, housing1 ( def 8a, b ).
Idioms
9.
bury one's head in the sand, to avoid reality; ignore the facts of a situation: You cannot continue to bury your head in the sand—you must learn to face facts.
10.
bury the hatchet, to become reconciled or reunited.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English berien, buryen, Old English byrgan to bury, conceal; akin to Old English beorgan to hide, protect, preserve; cognate with Dutch, German bergen, Gothic bairgan, Old Norse bjarga

half-buried, adjective
rebury, verb (used with object), reburied, reburying.
unburied, adjective
well-buried, adjective

Barry, berry, bury.


2. inter, entomb, inhume. 4. hide, secrete.


2. disinter, exhume. 4. uncover.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

hatchet

[hach-it]
noun
1.
a small, short-handled ax having the end of the head opposite the blade in the form of a hammer, made to be used with one hand. See illus. under ax.
2.
a tomahawk.
verb (used with object)
4.
to cut, destroy, kill, etc., with a hatchet.
5.
to abridge, delete, excise, etc.: The network censor may hatchet 30 minutes from the script.
Idioms
6.
bury the hatchet, to become reconciled or reunited; make peace.
7.
take up the hatchet, to begin or resume hostilities; prepare for or go to war: The natives are taking up the hatchet against the enemy.

Origin:
1300–50; 1670–80, Americanism for def 6; Middle English hachet < Middle French hachette, diminutive (see -et) of hache ax < Frankish *hapja kind of knife; akin to Greek kóptein to cut (cf. comma, syncope)

hatchetlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
bury (ˈbɛrɪ)
 
vb , buries, burying, buried
1.  to place (a corpse) in a grave, usually with funeral rites; inter
2.  to place in the earth and cover with soil
3.  to lose through death
4.  to cover from sight; hide
5.  to embed; sink: to bury a nail in plaster
6.  to occupy (oneself) with deep concentration; engross: to be buried in a book
7.  to dismiss from the mind; abandon: to bury old hatreds
8.  bury the hatchet to cease hostilities and become reconciled
9.  bury one's head in the sand to refuse to face a problem
 
[Old English byrgan to bury, hide; related to Old Norse bjarga to save, preserve, Old English beorgan to defend]

Bury (ˈbɛrɪ)
 
n
1.  a town in NW England, in Bury unitary authority, Greater Manchester: an early textile centre. Pop: 60 178 (2001)
2.  a unitary authority in NW England, in Greater Manchester. Pop: 181 900 (2003 est). Area: 99 sq km (38 sq miles)

hatchet (ˈhætʃɪt)
 
n
1.  a short axe used for chopping wood, etc
2.  a tomahawk
3.  (modifier) of narrow dimensions and sharp features: a hatchet face
4.  bury the hatchet to cease hostilities and become reconciled
 
[C14: from Old French hachette, from hache axe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German happa knife]
 
'hatchet-like
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hatchet
mid-12c., from O.Fr. hachette, dim. of hache "axe," possibly from Frank. *happja (cf. O.H.G. happa "sickle, scythe"), from P.Gmc. *khæbijo, from PIE base *(s)qep- "to cut" (cf. Gk. kopis "knife," Lith. kaplys "hatchet"). Phrase bury the hatchet (1794) is from Native American peacemaking custom.
Hatchet-man was originally California slang for "hired Chinese assassin" (1880), later extended figuratively to journalists who attacked the reputation of a public figure (1944).

bury
O.E. byrgan "to raise a mound, hide, bury, inter," akin to beorgan "to shelter," from P.Gmc. *burzjanan "protection, shelter" (cf. O.N. bjarga, Sw. berga, Ger. bergen, Goth. bairgan "to save, preserve"), from PIE base *bhergh- "protect, preserve" (cf. O.C.S. brego "I preserve, guard"). The O.E. -y- was
a short "oo" sound, like modern Fr. -u-. It normally transformed into Mod.Eng. -i- (cf. bridge, kiss, listen, sister), but in bury and a few other words (merry, knell) it retains a Kentish change to "e" that took place in the late O.E. period. In the West Midlands, meanwhile, the O.E. -y- sound persisted, slightly modified over time, giving the standard modern pronunciation of blush, much, church.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

bury the hatchet definition


To agree to end a quarrel: “Jerry and Cindy had been avoiding each other since the divorce, but I saw them together this morning, so they must have buried the hatchet.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

bury the hatchet

Make peace; settle one's differences. For example, Toward the end of the year, the roommates finally decided to bury the hatchet. Although some believe this term comes from a Native American custom for declaring peace between warring tribes, others say it comes from hang up one's hatchet, a term dating from the early 1300s (well before Columbus landed in the New World). The word bury replaced hang up in the 1700s.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Synonyms
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