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hatchet

[hach-it] /ˈhætʃ ɪt/
noun
1.
a small, short-handled ax having the end of the head opposite the blade in the form of a hammer, made to be used with one hand.
2.
a tomahawk.
verb (used with object)
4.
to cut, destroy, kill, etc., with a hatchet.
5.
to abridge, delete, excise, etc.:
The network censor may hatchet 30 minutes from the script.
Idioms
6.
bury the hatchet, to become reconciled or reunited; make peace.
7.
take up the hatchet, to begin or resume hostilities; prepare for or go to war:
The natives are taking up the hatchet against the enemy.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; 1670-80, Americanism for def 6; Middle English hachet < Middle French hachette, diminutive (see -et) of hache ax < Frankish *hapja kind of knife; akin to Greek kóptein to cut (cf. comma, syncope)
Related forms
hatchetlike, adjective

bury

[ber-ee] /ˈbɛr i/
verb (used with object), buried, burying.
1.
to put in the ground and cover with earth:
The pirates buried the chest on the island.
2.
to put (a corpse) in the ground or a vault, or into the sea, often with ceremony:
They buried the sailor with full military honors.
3.
to plunge in deeply; cause to sink in:
to bury an arrow in a target.
4.
to cover in order to conceal from sight:
She buried the card in the deck.
5.
to immerse (oneself):
He buried himself in his work.
6.
to put out of one's mind:
to bury an insult.
7.
to consign to obscurity; cause to appear insignificant by assigning to an unimportant location, position, etc.:
Her name was buried in small print at the end of the book.
noun, plural buries.
8.
Nautical, housing1 (def 8a, b).
Idioms
9.
bury one's head in the sand, to avoid reality; ignore the facts of a situation:
You cannot continue to bury your head in the sand—you must learn to face facts.
10.
bury the hatchet, to become reconciled or reunited.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English berien, buryen, Old English byrgan to bury, conceal; akin to Old English beorgan to hide, protect, preserve; cognate with Dutch, German bergen, Gothic bairgan, Old Norse bjarga
Related forms
half-buried, adjective
rebury, verb (used with object), reburied, reburying.
unburied, adjective
well-buried, adjective
Can be confused
Barry, berry, bury.
Synonyms
2. inter, entomb, inhume. 4. hide, secrete.
Antonyms
2. disinter, exhume. 4. uncover.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bury the hatchet

bury

/ˈbɛrɪ/
verb (transitive) buries, burying, buried
1.
to place (a corpse) in a grave, usually with funeral rites; inter
2.
to place in the earth and cover with soil
3.
to lose through death
4.
to cover from sight; hide
5.
to embed; sink to bury a nail in plaster
6.
to occupy (oneself) with deep concentration; engross to be buried in a book
7.
to dismiss from the mind; abandon to bury old hatreds
8.
bury the hatchet, to cease hostilities and become reconciled
9.
bury one's head in the sand, to refuse to face a problem
Word Origin
Old English byrgan to bury, hide; related to Old Norse bjarga to save, preserve, Old English beorgan to defend

Bury

/ˈbɛrɪ/
noun
1.
a town in NW England, in Bury unitary authority, Greater Manchester: an early textile centre. Pop: 60 178 (2001)
2.
a unitary authority in NW England, in Greater Manchester. Pop: 181 900 (2003 est). Area: 99 sq km (38 sq miles)

hatchet

/ˈhætʃɪt/
noun
1.
a short axe used for chopping wood, etc
2.
a tomahawk
3.
(modifier) of narrow dimensions and sharp features a hatchet face
4.
bury the hatchet, to cease hostilities and become reconciled
Derived Forms
hatchet-like, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French hachette, from hache axe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German happa knife
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bury the hatchet
hatchet
mid-12c., from O.Fr. hachette, dim. of hache "axe," possibly from Frank. *happja (cf. O.H.G. happa "sickle, scythe"), from P.Gmc. *khæbijo, from PIE base *(s)qep- "to cut" (cf. Gk. kopis "knife," Lith. kaplys "hatchet"). Phrase bury the hatchet (1794) is from Native American peacemaking custom. Hatchet-man was originally California slang for "hired Chinese assassin" (1880), later extended figuratively to journalists who attacked the reputation of a public figure (1944).
bury
O.E. byrgan "to raise a mound, hide, bury, inter," akin to beorgan "to shelter," from P.Gmc. *burzjanan "protection, shelter" (cf. O.N. bjarga, Sw. berga, Ger. bergen, Goth. bairgan "to save, preserve"), from PIE base *bhergh- "protect, preserve" (cf. O.C.S. brego "I preserve, guard"). The O.E. -y- was a short "oo" sound, like modern Fr. -u-. It normally transformed into Mod.Eng. -i- (cf. bridge, kiss, listen, sister), but in bury and a few other words (merry, knell) it retains a Kentish change to "e" that took place in the late O.E. period. In the West Midlands, meanwhile, the O.E. -y- sound persisted, slightly modified over time, giving the standard modern pronunciation of blush, much, church.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bury the hatchet in Culture

bury the hatchet definition


To agree to end a quarrel: “Jerry and Cindy had been avoiding each other since the divorce, but I saw them together this morning, so they must have buried the hatchet.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for bury the hatchet

bury the hatchet

verb phrase

To make peace; cease hostilities: He and Chambrun hadn't buried the hatchet after all

[1750s+; fr an American Indian custom of burying such a weapon as a sort of peace treaty]


bury

verb
  1. To sentence someone to a very long prison term or to solitary confinement (1900+ Underworld)
  2. To defeat decisively; clobber (1940s+ Sports)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with bury the hatchet
Make peace; settle one's differences. For example, Toward the end of the year, the roommates finally decided to bury the hatchet. Although some believe this term comes from a Native American custom for declaring peace between warring tribes, others say it comes from hang up one's hatchet, a term dating from the early 1300s (well before Columbus landed in the New World). The word bury replaced hang up in the 1700s.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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9
10
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