bust one's chops

chop

3 [chop]
noun
1.
Usually, chops. the jaw.
2.
chops.
a.
the oral cavity; mouth.
b.
Slang. the embouchure or technique necessary to play a wind instrument.
c.
Slang. musical ability on any instrument, especially in playing jazz or rock; technical virtuosity.
d.
Slang. the music or musical part played by an instrumentalist, especially a solo passage.
3.
an entranceway, as into a body of water.
4.
Horology. either of two pieces clasping the end of the suspension spring of a pendulum.
Idioms
5.
bust one's chops, Slang. to exert oneself.
6.
bust someone's chops, Slang. to annoy with nagging or criticism: Stop busting my chops—I'll get the job done.
7.
lick one's chops, to await with pleasure; anticipate; relish: He was already licking his chops over the expected inheritance.
Also, chap.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English; perhaps special use of chop1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chop1 (tʃɒp)
 
vb (often foll by down or off) (often foll by up) , chops, chopping, chopped
1.  to cut (something) with a blow from an axe or other sharp tool
2.  (tr) to produce or make in this manner: to chop firewood
3.  to cut into pieces
4.  informal (Brit) (tr) to dispense with or reduce
5.  (intr) to move quickly or violently
6.  sport to hit (a ball) sharply downwards
7.  boxing, martial arts to punch or strike (an opponent) with a short sharp blow
8.  (W African) an informal word for eat
 
n
9.  a cutting blow
10.  the act or an instance of chopping
11.  a piece chopped off
12.  a slice of mutton, lamb, or pork, generally including a rib
13.  slang (Austral), (NZ) a share (esp in the phrase getorhop in for one's chop)
14.  (W African) an informal word for food
15.  (Austral), (NZ) a competition of skill and speed in chopping logs
16.  sport a sharp downward blow or stroke
17.  informal (Austral), (NZ) not much chop not much good; poor
18.  slang the chop dismissal from employment
 
[C16: variant of chap1]

chop2 (tʃɒp)
 
vb , chops, chopping, chopped
1.  (intr) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
2.  obsolete to barter
3.  chop logic to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument
 
[Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman]

chop3 (tʃɒp)
 
n
a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East
 
[C17: from Hindi chhāp]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chop
"to cut," mid-14c., perhaps from O.Fr. (Picard) choper, from O.Fr. coper "to cut off," from V.L. *cuppare "to decapitate," infl. by couper "to strike." Meaning "slice of meat" is c.1640; hence, chop-house (1680s).

chop
"shift," O.E. ceapian "to bargain" (see cheap), here with a sense of "changing back and forth."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

chop definition


  1. n.
    a rude remark; a cutting remark. : That was a rotten chop! Take it back!
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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