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butadiene

[byoo-tuh-dahy-een, -dahy-een] /ˌbyu təˈdaɪ in, -daɪˈin/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless, flammable gas, C 4 H 6 , soluble in alcohol but not in water, usually derived from butane or butene: used chiefly in the manufacture of rubber and paint, and in organic synthesis.
Also called bivinyl, vinylethylene.
Origin
1895-1900
1895-1900; buta(ne) + di-1 + -ene
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for butadiene
  • In contact with air, butadiene may form violently explosive peroxides, which can be exploded by mild heat or shock.
British Dictionary definitions for butadiene

butadiene

/ˌbjuːtəˈdaɪiːn/
noun
1.
a colourless easily liquefiable flammable gas that polymerizes readily and is used mainly in the manufacture of synthetic rubbers. Formula: CH2:CHCH:CH2 Systematic name buta-1,3-diene
Word Origin
C20: from buta(ne) + di-1 + -ene
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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butadiene in Science
butadiene
  (by'tə-dī'ēn')   
A colorless, highly flammable hydrocarbon obtained from petroleum and used to make synthetic rubber. Chemical formula: C4H6.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for butadiene

either of two aliphatic organic compounds that have the formula C4H6. The term ordinarily signifies the more important of the two, 1,3-butadiene, which is the major constituent of many synthetic rubbers. It was first manufactured in Germany during World War I from acetylene. During World War II, butenes from petroleum and natural gas were the raw material for 60 percent of American butadiene production, ethyl alcohol for the rest. Butadiene rubber has now completely displaced natural rubber in the manufacture of automobile tires. Nearly all butadiene is made by dehydrogenation of butane or butenes or by high-temperature cracking (breaking up of large molecules) of petroleum distillates.

Learn more about butadiene with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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