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butane

[byoo-teyn, byoo-teyn] /ˈbyu teɪn, byuˈteɪn/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless, flammable gas, C 4 H 10 , a saturated aliphatic existing in two isometric forms: used chiefly in the manufacture of rubber and as fuel.
Origin
1870-1875
1870-75; but(yl) + -ane
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for butane
  • Powered by propane or a mixture of propane and butane, these devices are not meant to burn weeds.
  • Natural gas is primarily composed of methane, but contains ethane, propane and butane as well.
  • Lute is already moving about the tent, melting snow on two butane stoves for some hot soup.
  • At its heart, though, it's little more than a copper pipe containing a butane canister.
  • The liquid butane inside the lighter serves as a fluid level, verifying that the manhole is correctly positioned.
  • Elsewhere there are a few small grocery stores with butane refrigerators to keep bottled drinks cool.
  • Imagine if the researchers had been studying planetary atmospheres, and the perp was using a butane lighter.
  • Choices range from simple fire enclosures fueled by twigs and debris to high-tech canister stoves fed by pressurized butane.
  • On one side are charcoal grills and briquets, on the other, gas grills and butane tanks.
British Dictionary definitions for butane

butane

/ˈbjuːteɪn; bjuːˈteɪn/
noun
1.
a colourless flammable gaseous alkane that exists in two isomeric forms, both of which occur in natural gas. The stable isomer, n-butane, is used mainly in the manufacture of rubber and fuels (such as Calor Gas). Formula: C4H10
Word Origin
C19: from but(yl) + -ane
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for butane
n.

paraffin hydrocarbon, 1875, from butyl, hydrocarbon from butyric acid, a product of fermentation found in rancid butter, from Latin butyrum (see butter (n.)) + chemical suffix -ane.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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butane in Medicine

butane bu·tane (byōō'tān')
n.
Either of two isomers of a gaseous hydrocarbon produced synthetically from petroleum and used as a refrigerant, and aerosol propellant and in the manufacture of synthetic rubber.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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butane in Science
butane
  (by'tān')   
An organic compound found in natural gas and produced from petroleum. Butane is used as a household fuel, refrigerant, and propellant in aerosol cans. It is the fourth member of the alkane series. Chemical formula: C4H10.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for butane

either of two colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbons (compounds of carbon and hydrogen), members of the series of paraffinic hydrocarbons. Their chemical formula is C4H10. The compound in which the carbon atoms are linked in a straight chain is denoted normal butane, or n-butane; the branched-chain form is isobutane. Both compounds occur in natural gas and in crude oil and are formed in large quantities in the refining of petroleum to produce gasoline.

Learn more about butane with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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