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butanoic acid

[byoot-n-oh-ik, byoot-] /ˈbyut nˈoʊ ɪk, ˌbyut-/
noun, Chemistry Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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butanoic acid in Medicine

butanoic acid bu·ta·no·ic acid (byōō'tə-nō'ĭk)
See butyric acid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for butanoic acid

a fatty acid occurring in the form of esters in animal fats and plant oils. As a glyceride (an ester containing an acid and glycerol), it makes up 3-4 percent of butter; the disagreeable odour of rancid butter is that of hydrolysis of the butyric acid glyceride. The acid is of considerable commercial importance as a raw material in the manufacture of esters of lower alcohols for use as flavouring agents; its anhydride is used to make cellulose butyrate, a useful plastic. Butyric acid is manufactured by catalyzed air oxidation of butanal (butyraldehyde).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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