|1.||Joseph. 1692--1752, English bishop and theologian, author of Analogy of Religion (1736)|
|2.||Josephine (Elizabeth). 1828--1906, British social reformer, noted esp for her campaigns against state regulation of prostitution|
|3.||Reg, full name Reginald Cotterell Butler. 1913--81, British metal sculptor; his works include The Unknown Political Prisoner (1953)|
|4.||R(ichard) A(usten), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, known as Rab Butler. 1902--82, British Conservative politician: Chancellor of the Exchequer (1951--55); Home Secretary (1957--62); Foreign Secretary (1963--64)|
|5.||Samuel. 1612--80, English poet and satirist; author of Hudibras (1663--78)|
|6.||Samuel. 1835--1902, British novelist, noted for his satirical work Erewhon (1872) and his autobiographical novel The Way of All Flesh (1903)|
properly a servant in charge of the wine (Gen. 40:1-13; 41:9). The Hebrew word, _mashkeh_, thus translated is rendered also (plural) "cup-bearers" (1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chr. 9:4). Nehemiah (1:11) was cup-bearer to king Artaxerxes. It was a position of great responsibility and honour in royal households.
chief male servant of a household who supervises other employees, receives guests, directs the serving of meals, and performs various personal services. The title originally applied to the person who had charge of the wine cellar and dispensed liquors, the name being derived from Middle English boteler (and various other forms), from Old French bouteillier, "bottle bearer." In the European Middle Ages it meant precisely this, but in time it came to mean an official of the crown, who nominally had charge of the wine but who in fact was a person of high rank, having different duties in different countries at different times.
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