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butterflyfish

[buht-er-flahy-fish] /ˈbʌt ərˌflaɪˌfɪʃ/
noun, plural (especially collectively) butterflyfishes (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) butterflyfish.
1.
any tropical marine fish of the family Chaetodontidae, having large, broad fins or brilliant coloration, or both.
3.
a blenny, Blennius ocellaris, of Europe.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; butterfly + fish
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for butterfly fish

butterflyfish

noun
1.
any small tropical marine percoid fish of the genera Chaetodon, Chelmon, etc, that has a deep flattened brightly coloured or strikingly marked body and brushlike teeth: family Chaetodontidae See also angelfish (sense 1)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for butterfly fish

any of the approximately 115 species of small, quick-moving marine fishes in the family Chaetodontidae (order Perciformes). Butterfly fishes are found among tropical reefs around the world but are concentrated in the Indo-Pacific oceanic region. Butterfly fishes are deep-bodied and thin from side to side, with a single dorsal fin and a small mouth with tiny, bristlelike teeth. The jaws are sometimes drawn out into a relatively long snout, as in the longnose butterfly fish (Chelmon rostratus) of the Indo-Pacific and the longsnout butterfly fish (Prognathodes aculeatus) of the Atlantic. Most species have strong, prominent spines on the front portions of their dorsal fins.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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