|1.||another name for Jupiter|
|2.||by Jove an exclamation of surprise or excitement|
|[C14: from Old Latin Jovis Jupiter]|
Also, by cracky. Used to express surprise or emphasis. For example, By Jove, I was glad to see her, or It was a great day, by cracky. These mild oaths are euphemisms, the first for "by Jesus" or "by God" (Jove is another name for Jupiter, the principal Roman god), and the folksy variant by cracky for "by Christ." Both idioms may be dying out.