by rote

rote

1 [roht]
noun
1.
routine; a fixed, habitual, or mechanical course of procedure: the rote of daily living.
adjective
2.
proceeding mechanically and repetitiously; being mechanical and repetitious in nature; routine; habitual: rote performance; rote implementation; His behavior became more rote with every passing year.
Idioms
3.
by rote, from memory, without thought of the meaning; in a mechanical way: to learn a language by rote.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English; of obscure origin

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World English Dictionary
rote1 (rəʊt)
 
n
1.  a habitual or mechanical routine or procedure
2.  by rote by repetition; by heart (often in the phrase learn by rote)
 
[C14: origin unknown]

rote2 (rəʊt)
 
n
an ancient violin-like musical instrument; crwth
 
[C13: from Old French rote, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German rotta, Middle Dutch rotte]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

rote
c.1300, in phrase bi rote "by heart," of uncertain origin, sometimes said to be connected with O.Fr. rote "route" (see route), or from L. rota "wheel" (see rotary), but O.E.D. calls both suggestions groundless.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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