c. lorraine

Lorraine

[luh-reyn, law-, loh-; French law-ren]
noun
1.
Also, Lorrain. Claude (Claude Gelée) 1600–82, French painter.
2.
a medieval kingdom in W Europe along the Moselle, Meuse, and Rhine rivers.
3.
a region in NE France, once included in this kingdom: a former province. Compare Alsace-Lorraine.
4.
a female given name.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Lorraine (lɒˈreɪn, French lɔrɛn)
 
n
1.  German name: Lothringen a region and former province of E France; ceded to Germany in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian war and regained by France in 1919; rich iron-ore deposits
2.  Kingdom of Lorraine an early medieval kingdom on the Meuse, Moselle, and Rhine rivers: later a duchy
3.  a former duchy in E France, once the S half of this kingdom

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Lorraine
region in eastern France, from M.L. Lotharingia, lit. "Lothar's Realm," name later given to the northern portion of the lands assigned by the Treaty of Verdun (843 C.E.) to Lothair I in the first division of the Carolingian empire. His empire stretched from the North Sea to the Mediterranean. Before
his death (855 C.E.), Lothair subdivided his lands among his three sons. His son, Lothair (for whom the region is named), was given Lotharingia as his kingdom.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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