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cabochon

[kab-uh-shon; French ka-baw-shawn] /ˈkæb əˌʃɒn; French ka bɔˈʃɔ̃/
noun, plural cabochons
[kab-uh-shonz; French ka-baw-shawn] /ˈkæb əˌʃɒnz; French ka bɔˈʃɔ̃/ (Show IPA)
1.
a precious stone of convex hemispherical or oval form, polished but not cut into facets.
2.
an ornamental motif resembling this, either concave or convex and often surrounded by ornately carved leaf patterns, used on furniture of the 18th century.
adverb
3.
in the form of a cabochon:
a turquoise cut cabochon.
adjective
4.
being cut cabochon:
cabochon gems.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; < Middle French, equivalent to caboche head (see cabbage1) + -on diminutive suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cabochon
  • Cut in a convex form known as a cabochon, this red tourmaline could also be called a rubellite because of its red coloration.
  • It's even possible to set this stone as a cabochon into a ring or a pendant and still use it to detect the sun's position.
British Dictionary definitions for cabochon

cabochon

/ˈkæbəˌʃɒn; French kabɔʃɔ̃/
noun
1.
a smooth domed gem, polished but unfaceted
Word Origin
C16: from Old French, from Old Norman French caboche head; see cabbage1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cabochon
n.

1570s, from French cabochon (14c.), augmentative of caboche (12c.), augmentative or pejorative formation, ultimately from Latin caput "head" (see capitulum). Essentially the same word as cabbage.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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17
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