cabochons

cabochon

[kab-uh-shon; French ka-baw-shawn]
noun, plural cabochons [kab-uh-shonz; French ka-baw-shawn] .
1.
a precious stone of convex hemispherical or oval form, polished but not cut into facets.
2.
an ornamental motif resembling this, either concave or convex and often surrounded by ornately carved leaf patterns, used on furniture of the 18th century.
adverb
3.
in the form of a cabochon: a turquoise cut cabochon.
adjective
4.
being cut cabochon: cabochon gems.

Origin:
1570–80; < Middle French, equivalent to caboche head (see cabbage1) + -on diminutive suffix

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World English Dictionary
cabochon (ˈkæbəˌʃɒn, French kabɔʃɔ̃)
 
n
a smooth domed gem, polished but unfaceted
 
[C16: from Old French, from Old Norman French caboche head; see cabbage1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

cabochon
1570s, from Fr. cabochon (14c.), augmentative of caboche (12c.), augmentative or pejorative formation, ultimately from L. caput "head." Essentially the same word as cabbage.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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