noun Pathology.
general ill health with emaciation, usually occurring in association with cancer or a chronic infectious disease.
Also, cachexy [kuh-kek-see] .

1535–45; < Late Latin < Greek, equivalent to kak(ós) bad + héx(is) condition (hek-, variant stem of échein to have + -sis -sis) + -ia -ia

cachectic [kuh-kek-tik] , cachectical, cachexic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cachexia or cachexy (kəˈkɛksɪə, kəˈkɛksɪ)
a generally weakened condition of body or mind resulting from any debilitating chronic disease
[C16: from Late Latin from Greek kakhexia, from kakos bad + hexis condition, habit]
cachexy or cachexy
[C16: from Late Latin from Greek kakhexia, from kakos bad + hexis condition, habit]
cachectic or cachexy

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"bad general state of health," 1540s, from Mod.L. cachexia, from Gk. kakhexia "bad habits," from kakos "bad" + -exia, related to exis "habit or state," from exein "to have, be in a condition," from PIE base *segh- "to hold, hold in one's power, to have" (see scheme). Related: cachexic.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cachexia ca·chex·i·a (kə-kěk'sē-ə)
weight loss, wasting of muscle, loss of appetite, and general debility that can occur during a chronic disease.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
cachexia   (kə-kěk'sē-ə)  Pronunciation Key 
Severe weight loss, anorexia, and general debility that occur as a result of chronic disease. Cachetic patients exhibit signs of malnutrition, including muscle wasting.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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