a dead body, especially a human body to be dissected; corpse.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin cadāver dead body, corpse; akin to cadere to fall, perish (see decay, chance)

cadaveric, adjective

See body. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cadaver (kəˈdeɪvə, -ˈdɑːv-)
med a corpse
[C16: from Latin, from cadere to fall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1500, from L. cadaver "dead body (of men or animals)," probably from a perf. part. of cadere "to fall, sink, settle down, decline, perish" (see case (1)). Cf. Gk. ptoma "dead body," lit. "a fall;" poetic English the fallen "those who died in battle."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cadaver ca·dav·er (kə-dāv'ər)
A dead body, especially one intended for dissection.

ca·dav'er·ic (-ər-ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
And kidney transplants from cadavers had offered minimal temporary function.
Here's the creepy part-the mechanism's been tested on cadavers, which are
  blinking away.
Meanwhile, the risk of hardening, clotting and aneurysm has limited the use of
  grafts taken from human cadavers.
We will do tests in the laboratory, later on cadavers, then on animals and down
  the road perhaps on human subjects.
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