[kad-ree, kah-drey]
Military. the key group of officers and enlisted personnel necessary to establish and train a new military unit.
a group of trained or otherwise qualified personnel capable of forming, training, or leading an expanded organization, as a religious or political faction, or a skilled work force: They hoped to form a cadre of veteran party members.
(especially in Communist countries) a cell of trained and devoted workers.
a member of a cadre; a person qualified to serve in a cadre.
a framework, outline, or scheme.

1905–10; < French: frame, border, bounds, cadre (metaphorically, the cadre being the framework into which temporary personnel are fit) < Italian quadro < Latin quadrum square; see quadri- Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cadre (ˈkɑːdə)
1.  the nucleus of trained professional servicemen forming the basis for the training of new units or other military expansion
2.  a basic unit or structure, esp of specialists or experts; nucleus; core
3.  a group of revolutionaries or other political activists, esp when taking part in military or terrorist activities
4.  a member of a cadre
[C19: from French, from Italian quadro, from Latin quadrum square]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1830, from Fr. cadre, lit. "a frame of a picture" (16c.), so, "a detachment forming the skeleton of a regiment" (1851), from It. quadro, from L. quadrum "a square" (see quadrille). The communist sense is from 1930.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
cadre [(kad-ree, kah-dray)]

An elite or select group that forms the core of an organization and is capable of training new members.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Most of those in the crowd were war veterans, party cadres and others selected
  by local communist organizations.
Cadres of ecological engineers should join civil engineers in shoring up the
  nation's flood defenses.
Mundane courses in political indoctrination are required of all and loathed by
  all but a few select cadres.
At the same time, ministry and university party cadres loosened controls over
  students' personal lives.
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