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caffeine

[ka-feen, kaf-een, kaf-ee-in] /kæˈfin, ˈkæf in, ˈkæf i ɪn/
noun, Chemistry, Pharmacology
1.
a white, crystalline, bitter alkaloid, C 8 H 10 N 4 O 2 , usually derived from coffee or tea: used in medicine chiefly as a nervous system stimulant.
Also, caffein.
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; < French caféine, equivalent to café coffee + -ine -ine2
Related forms
caffeinic
[ka-fee-nik, kaf-ee-in-ik] /kæˈfi nɪk, ˌkæf iˈɪn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
noncaffeine, noun
noncaffeinic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for caffein

caffeine

/ˈkæfiːn; ˈkæfɪˌiːn/
noun
1.
a white crystalline bitter alkaloid responsible for the stimulant action of tea, coffee, and cocoa: a constituent of many tonics and analgesics. Formula: C8H10N4O2 See also xanthine (sense 2)
Word Origin
C19: from German Kaffein, from Kaffeecoffee
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for caffein

caffeine

n.

trimethyl-derivative of xanthine, 1830, from German Kaffein, coined by chemist F.F. Runge (1795-1867), apparently from German Kaffee "coffee" (see coffee) + chemical suffix -ine (2) (German -in). The form of the English word may be via French caféine.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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caffein in Medicine

caffeine caf·feine or caf·fein (kā-fēn', kāf'ēn', kāf'ē-ĭn)
n.
A bitter white alkaloid often derived from tea or coffee and used chiefly as a mild stimulant and in the treatment of certain kinds of headache.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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caffein in Science
caffeine
  (kā-fēn')   
A bitter white alkaloid found in tea leaves, coffee beans, and various other plant parts. It is a mild stimulant. Caffeine is a xanthine and similar in structure to theobromine and theophylline. Chemical formula: C8H10N4O2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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