[kaf-tan, kaf-tan]
a long garment having long sleeves and tied at the waist by a girdle, worn under a coat in the Middle East.
a long, full, usually collarless robe with wide sleeves that is worn at home for lounging or entertaining or at the beach as a cover-up.
Also, kaftan.

1585–95; < Russian kaftán < Turkish < Persian qaftān

caftaned, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
caftan (ˈkæfˌtæn, -ˌtɑːn)
a variant spelling of kaftan

kaftan or caftan (ˈkæftæn, -ˌtɑːn, ˈkæftæn, -ˌtɑːn)
1.  a long coatlike garment, usually worn with a belt and made of rich fabric, worn in the East
2.  an imitation of this, worn, esp by women, in the West, consisting of a loose dress with long wide sleeves
[C16: from Turkish qaftān]
caftan or caftan
[C16: from Turkish qaftān]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1590s, "long tunic worn in Turkey, etc.," from Turk. qaftan, (also in Arabic), from Persian khaftan. As a similar shirt or dress style in the West, it is attested from c.1965.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


man's full-length garment of ancient Mesopotamian origin, worn throughout the Middle East. It is usually made of cotton or silk or a combination of the two

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Wearing a simple white caftan and a traditional fez-style cap, he discussed his past and the upcoming polls.
So pair a caftan shirt with cropped white pants or wide-legged trousers.
If you're in the market for a more contemporary caftan, one you could actually wear back home, this is the place.
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