calash

calash

[kuh-lash]
noun
1.
Also, calèche. a light vehicle pulled by one or two horses, seating two to four passengers, and having two or four wheels, a seat for a driver on a splashboard, and sometimes a folding top.
2.
a folding top of a carriage.
3.
calèche ( def 1 ).
4.
a bonnet that folds back like the top of a calash, worn by women in the 18th century.

Origin:
1660–70; < French calèche < German Kalesche < Czech kolesa carriage, literally, wheels; see wheel

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World English Dictionary
calash or calèche (kəˈlæʃ)
 
n
1.  a horse-drawn carriage with low wheels and a folding top
2.  the folding top of such a carriage
3.  a woman's folding hooped hood worn in the 18th century
 
[C17: from French calèche, from German Kalesche, from Czech kolesa wheels]
 
calèche or calèche
 
n
 
[C17: from French calèche, from German Kalesche, from Czech kolesa wheels]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

calash

(from Czech kolesa: "wheels"), also called Caleche, or Barouche, any of various open carriages, with facing passenger seats and an elevated coachman's seat joined to the front of the shallow body, which somewhat resembled a small boat. A characteristic falling hood over the rear seat gave the name calash to any folding carriage top. Most of the vehicles had four wheels, but some had two. A type used especially in Quebec was two wheeled, with one forward-facing seat, and a driver's seat on the splashboard. Other types were almost identical to chaises and victorias.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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