caliphal

caliph

[key-lif, kal-if]
noun
1.
a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad.
2.
any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924).


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English caliphe, califfe < Middle French < Medieval Latin calipha < Arabic khalīf(a) successor (of Muhammad), derivative of khalafa succeed

caliphal [kal-uh-fuhl, key-luh-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
caliph, calif, kalif or khalif (ˈkeɪlɪf, ˈkæl-, ˈkeɪlɪf, ˈkæl-, ˈkeɪlɪf, ˈkæl-, ˈkeɪlɪf, ˈkæl-)
 
n
Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey
 
[C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor]
 
calif, calif, kalif or khalif
 
n
 
[C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor]
 
kalif, calif, kalif or khalif
 
n
 
[C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor]
 
khalif, calif, kalif or khalif
 
n
 
[C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

caliph
late 14c., from O.Fr. caliphe (12c., also algalife), from M.L. califa, from Arabic khalifa "successor," originally Abu-Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad in the role of leader of the faithful after the prophet's death.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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