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calisthenics

[kal-uh s-then-iks] /ˌkæl əsˈθɛn ɪks/
noun
1.
(used with a plural verb) gymnastic exercises designed to develop physical health and vigor, usually performed with little or no special apparatus.
2.
(used with a singular verb) the art, practice, or a session of such exercises.
Also, callisthenics.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; cali- (variant of calli-) + Greek sthén(os) strength + -ics
Related forms
calisthenic, calisthenical, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for calisthenical

calisthenics

/ˌkælɪsˈθɛnɪks/
noun
1.
a variant spelling (esp US) of callisthenics
Derived Forms
calisthenic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for calisthenical

calisthenics

n.

1847 (calisthenic (adj.) is from 1839), formed on model of French callisthenie, from Latinized comb. form of Greek kallos "beauty" + sthenos "strength" + -ics. Originally, gymnastic exercises suitable for girls and meant to develop the figure and promote graceful movement. The proper Greek, if there was such a word in Greek, would have been *kallistheneia.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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calisthenical in Medicine

calisthenics cal·is·then·ics (kāl'ĭs-thěn'ĭks)
pl.n.
Gymnastic exercises, such as sit-ups, designed to develop muscular tone and promote physical fitness.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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